James Turrell

James Turrell has innovated photographic techniques that allow light to have a physical presence. Using holography to make the light itself the subject rather than the medium, Turrell creates colored light installations that appear to possess mass and take up space as planes, cubes, pyramids, and tunnels. For over half a century, the American artist, James Turrell has worked directly with light and space to create artworks that engage viewers with the limits and wonder of human perception. Turrell, an avid pilot who has logged over twelve thousand hours flying, considers the sky as his studio, material and canvas. Informed by his training in perceptual psychology and a childhood fascination with light, Turrell began experimenting with light as a medium in southern California in the mid-1960’s.

Selected Exhibitions


MASS MoCA, North Adams, James Turrell: Into the Light

Häusler Contemporary, Munich, James Turrell »Alien Exam | Aten Reign



Pace Prints, New York, James Turrell

Pace Gallery, New York, James Turrell: 67 68 69

Pace Gallery, Palo Alto, James Turrell



Pace Prints, New York, New Editions



Pace Prints, New York, James Turrell: Prints and Process

Gagosian, Beverly Hills, CLEAR



Guggenheim Museum, JAMES TURRELL



Gagosian, London, James Turrell


*Denotes permanent installation

The Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois

*Contemporary Art Museum, Kumamoto, Japan

*Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, de Young Museum, San Francisco, 3 Gems, 2005(Skyspace)

Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York

*Henry Art Gallery, Seattle, Light Reign, 2003(Skyspace)

* Indianapolis Art Museum, Indiana

* The Israel Museum, Jerusalem,

Space that Sees, 1992 (Skyspace)

* Kawanishi Town, Niigata Prefecture, Japan, House of Light, 2000 (Skyspace and Architectural lighting)

* Kielder Partnership, Northumberland, United Kingdom (Outdoor work)

Leeum, Samsung Museum of Modern Art, Seoul

Los Angeles County Museum of Art, California

* Mattress Factory, Pittsburgh 

Musée d’art contemporain, Lyon, France Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal, Quebec

Musée départemental d'art contemporain de Rochechouart, France

Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles

The Museum of Modern Art, New York

*MoMA PS1, Long Island City, New York, Meeting, 1986 (Skyspace)

Museum van Hedendaagse Kunst Antwerpen, Belgium (Outdoor work)

*Queensland Gallery of Modern Art, South Brisbane, Australia, 2017 (Architectural lighting)

San Diego Museum of Contemporary Art, La Jolla

Seattle Art Museum, Washington

*Scottsdale Museum of Contemporary Art, Arizona, Knight Rise, 2001 (Skyspace)

Skystone Foundation, Flagstaff (Outdoor work)

*Sprengel Museum, Hanover

*University of Illinois, Chicago, Hard Scrabble Sky, 2005 (Skyspace)

*Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Sky Pesher, 2005 (Skyspace)

Whitney Museum of American Art, New York

*Yorkshire Sculpture Park, York, United Kingdom, Deer Shelter, 2005 (Skyspace)

*Zentrum für Internationale Lichtkunst, Unna, Germany, Floater 99, 2001 (Shallow space) and Third Breath, 2005